How Does Diabetes Affect My Teeth and Gums?

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

It is a chronic (chronic) disease that occurs when there is a large amount of sugar in blood. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas within your body to regulate blood sugar. This is caused by a lack of insulin production, or resistance to insulin, or both.

To better understand the effects of diabetes, it’s important to first comprehend the procedure by which food items are broken down and then utilized by the body to produce energy. A variety of things occur during digestion of food:

The sugar glucose is absorbed into our bloodstream. It is a fuel source for the body. The body produces insulin. The function of insulin is to transport glucose from the bloodstream to muscles, fat and liver cells where it is stored.Diabetics suffer from high blood sugars because the body is unable to move sugar into liver, fat and muscle cells to be stored as energy.

What causes this to happen?

The pancreas may not make enough insulin , or the cells of the body don’t recognize insulin normally.Both of these can also be the cause.

There are three major kinds of diabetes:

The type 1 diabetes can manifest at any time, however it is usually found in teenagers, children as well as young adult. In this condition the body produces minimal or no insulin. Injections of insulin every day are necessary to treat this. The exact cause isn’t known.

Type 2 diabetes is the cause of the majority of cases of diabetes. It is most commonly seen in later life, but teenagers as well as young people are being diagnosed due to the high prevalence of obesity. Many people who suffer from type 2 diabetes don’t realize they are suffering from it. With this type of Diabetes the body’s cells require higher levels of insulin in order to eliminate blood sugar.

Gestational diabetes is a condition that causes high blood sugar that may develop in any stage of pregnancy for the woman who doesn’t suffer from diabetes.

Complications of Diabetes:

Periodontitis Periodontitis is an inflammation in the support structures teeth, i.e. the Alveolar bones, ligaments, and the gingiva that sits on top. In diabetics who are not controlled, there is an increase in the number of gum infection, which results in the loss of teeth early. teeth. If a diabetic is not managed, there is a higher manufacturing of advanced products.these don’t allow collagen to be remodelled, so collagen is prone to fall apart at the smallest infection, resulting in abscesses that can spread within the gums.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a condition that causes damaged heart tissue, which leads to diastolic dysfunction that can lead to heart failure.

Diabetic nephropathyis a condition that causes damage to the kidney, which could cause chronic renal failure which can eventually lead to dialysis. Diabetes mellitus happens to be the most frequent reason for kidney failure in adults across the world, especially in the developed countries.