In 1906, Dr. Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) was a German neuropathologist and psychiatrist, identified the first instance of the dementia form in a talk at the German psychiatrists’ conference in Tubingen the town that is a well-known town of the university in central Baden-Wurttemberg Germany. He was talking about the condition of one patient who suffered from memory loss, problems with language and unpredictability in behavior. Following her passing away Dr. Alzheimer noticed changes in her brain tissue, unusual lumps, and knotted bundles of fibers. Since then, the disease is now one of the most frequent forms of dementia found in the population of the elderly, bearing the name Alzheimer.
Alzheimer diseases is an autoimmune disease that is progressive in nature and is the fourth leading reason for death. There are distinct pathological signs of the disease, mostly as the formation of plaques as well as knots. These are clusters of abnormality or fragments of proteinthat form in nerve cells. Nerve cells that are dying contain Tangles, composed of another protein. The tangles and plaques could be the cause of cell death and loss of tissues within the brain of Alzheimer’s.
The brain is comprised of three main components which are The cerebrum and the cerebellum and the brain stem. Cerebrums are the most important component within our skull. It is primarily responsible for the areas of memory and problem-solving, as well as and feeling as well as controlling our movements. The cerebellum is located in the back of our head, below the cerebrum, regulates our coordination and balance. The brain stem is situated under the cerebrum and is and is located in the cerebellum’s front. The brain stem connects with the spinal cord, and regulates the functions that are automatic like digestion, breathing as well as heart rate and blood pressure.
The brain is fed by blood vessels made up of veins, arteries and capillaries. The arteries transport blood to our brains to supply it with oxygen with every heartbeat.
The distinct cortex of our brain is called the cortex that is clearly organized according to particular functions. One of the main functions is that we can observe our sight scent, hearing thoughts, thinking problems, problem solving, memory storage and retrieval, as well as controlling specific motions.
The brain of a person is divided into two hemispheres. The left half is responsible for the right side of the body, while the right half is responsible for part of the left. The speech language area is located found on the left side in the majority of people. The brain is home to more than 100 billion neurons , or nerve cells that branch out and forms connections that span more than 100 trillion connections points. Brain signals travel via the neurons’ network, which includes our thoughts, memories and emotions. Nerve cells are linked to one another via synapses. The release of chemical compounds known as neurotransmitters is released at synapses when stimulated by the proper electric charge, and the message gets transmitted to cells elsewhere.