For Hunger-Proof Cities: Sustainable Urban Food Systems

The 20th century witnessed a huge growth in urban populations. In 1990, one-third of the world’s people lived in cities of 1 million or more. As a result, hunger and malnutrition are on the rise worldwide, because the global food system fails to satisfy the growing demand of the urban consumer.

For Hunger-Proof Cities is that the first book to completely examine food security from an urban perspective. It examines existing local food systems and ways to enhance the supply and accessibility of food for city dwellers. it’s at methods to enhance community-supported agriculture and cooperation between urban and rural populations. It explores what existing marketing and distribution structures can do to enhance accessibility and what the emerging sorts of food-distribution systems are, and the way they will contribute to alleviating hunger within the cities. Finally, the book discusses the underlying structures that make poverty and inequality and examines the role of emergency food systems, like food banks. A French version are going to be available in 1999.

Globalization over the last 30 years has been pressing national economies to become more interdependent. However, a view emerging from major sectors of the event community and from this book, especially , is that the reinstatement of a correct measure of food self-reliance is urgently needed. Today, most developing countries are net food importers, and their dependence on imports is growing. Combined with persistent constraints, from fiscal to physical, this dependence leads to food insecurity for giant sectors of the population, particularly the urban poor.

A growing number of nations have seen a resurgence of urban food production, and this has made urban food suppliers more self-reliant and concrete households less food insecure. This reality is now recognized by more governments and development agencies. As a consequence, urban food production is probably going to be promoted and managed during a better over subsequent decades. However, recent international studies point to information gaps that has got to be addressed in order that urban food production for consumption and for trade are often more timely and suitably phased into comprehensive urban and agricultural policies for the 21st century. This paper reviews these studies and identifies issues for development research and training support.

“Capitalism … thrives on the development of difference. Perhaps as never before, the struggle between advocates of interdependent specialization and advocates of self-reliant diversity has grown intense, even volatile. After decades of rapid advances in national welfare, more states and other people now see their assets and prospects for social equity, economic resilience, and environmental integrity either threatened or eroded. Global interventions in national finances and international trade can help to trigger corrections needed in specific cases, but sorts of targeting and processes that are insensitive to local settings have done little to enhance the conditions for human development, if they need not made them worse (see, for instance , the review of structural-adjustment programs [SAPs] in Sub-Saharan Africa by Brandt

Simai defines globalization as “the entirety of such universal processes as technological transformation; interdependence caused by mass communications; trade and capital flows; homogenization and standardization of production and consumption; the predominance of the planet market in trade, investment and other corporate transactions; special and institutional integration of markets; and growing identity or similarity of economic regulations, institutions, and policies.”

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